“Be the change that you wish to see in the world.”
~ Mahatma Gandhi
The Pen ~ The word "pen" is derived from "penna," the Latin word for a feather or plume. And that is exactly what the early pens were---quills or reeds with the tip carved to form a nib. Their use faded with the advent of mass-produced steel nibs in the early 19th century. Although fountain pens, cartridge pens and fiber tip pens have come along since then, the traditional pen dipped in a bottle of ink survives as the choice for many artist renderings.
Ink ~ Ink used for rendering dates back more than 4,000 years. The original color components came from animal, vegetable or mineral sources mixed with glue binders and water. An assortment of pigments and dyes have been developed, but for many drawings, black ink is still preferred. Other chemical additives can now give ink a shiny finish or make the ink waterproof when dry.